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Sealskin stencils were tried in the early years but abandoned in favour of more stable available materials such as cardboard and discarded x-ray film. Now, water-resistant stencil paper is used. Using a very sharp knife, the printmaker cuts an image into the stencil paper where colour is to be applied to the ground, or print paper. Laying the cut out stencil directly against the print paper, the printmaker uses a thick stencil brush to tap inks through the openings on the stencil. After one ink dries, the process is repeated using separate stencils to apply different colours. Stencil is often used in conjunction with stonecut, creating subtle tonal or colour variation.

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Left: The Archer, 1960 by Niviaksiak seal skin stencil by printer: Iyola Kingwatsiak Right: The Archer, 1960 print

© Rosemary Gilliat. Library and Archives Canada, e010836097 /

© Rosemary Gilliat. Library and Archives Canada, e010836097 /